Most everyone has heard of osteoporosis and knows that it has something to do with the bones being brittle, but how it develops and how it can be treated are much lesser known. The issue is actually a complex one, as it is not always a simple cause and effect either with the onset of the illness or its treatment.
To understand the causes of osteoporosis we have to first take a look at the different types of the disease. Primary type 1 is also known as postmenopausal osteoporosis and occurs in women, as the name suggests, around the time of menopause. Primary type 2 is called senile osteoporosis as it sets in after the age of 75 in twice as many women as men.
Secondary osteoporosis occurs to both genders equally and is brought on by certain medical conditions or diseases that predispose you to the bone disease. It can also be brought on by the prolonged usage of steroids, and is then called glucocortitoid or steroid induced osteoporosis.
As we evaluate these different types, we can see that, in the case of Primary type 1, a decrease in hormones contributes to the problem. In this case, balancing the hormones through treatments and supplements can help to prevent or curtail the development of osteoporosis.
Those with a small stature and family history of the disease or of bone fractures (the most common manifestation) are more likely to develop it. There are also many different lifestyle choices that are risk factors such as very high protein diets, excessive alcohol consumption, smoking, Vitamin D deficiency, malnutrition, exposure to cadmium (heavy metal) and drinking soft drinks.
To talk about causes of osteoporosis is a bit tricky, as you see, but there are definitely some thing that can be done to make you less likely to get it. Avoiding the above list of foods and drugs is a great place to start. Modify your diet to include more vegetables, beans and fruits and less protein. Be more moderate or quit the alcohol and cigarettes. These steps will also help you to avoid many other diseases.
Getting 15-30 minutes of weight-bearing exercise every day is also very important. This is because doing exercises that call on the bones to hold the weight help to strengthen them while also strengthening the muscles, tendons and other structures that surround them. This will help to prevent fractures and deformations which are the main complications with osteoporosis.
Keeping up to date on having your hormones checked can also help you to avoid getting brittle bones. If your estrogen levels are correct, your body will be more able to keep your bones strong. Also, high insulin levels can deplete calcium stores, which help to build the bones.
Although osteoprosis is something that many people will get, you can decrease your chances greatly by keeping up with your health and lifestyle in the ways mentioned above.