The various medical conditions affecting the bones are known generally as bone diseases. Another term is osteopathy, and the doctor who treats such conditions is known as an osteopath.
Bone diseases can be degenerative or genetic. They may be developed simply because of a family history, or they may be brought on because of a lack of proper nutrition. Bone health is strongly associated with various nutrients in our diet.
Some of the vitamins and other nutrients that are essential to healthy bones are vitamin D, calcium, phosphorous, and collagen. Eating a balanced diet with the proper nutrients can sometimes make a difference in your bone health and help to prevent illness or decrease its severity in some cases.
There are many different types of bone diseases. Let’s take a look at a few of them.
Bone Spurs – Also known as osteophytes, these bony protrusions, also referred to as parrot beak, form from the increase in surface area of a damaged joint. This is most commonly related to the onset of arthritis. They cause a reduction in joint movement and can be painful.
Osteophytes also can form on the spine with age as the spine degenerates. They can sometimes come as the result of some disease processes or may grow in the feet of diabetics as a symptom of charcot foot.
Osteoperosis – This disease is also sometimes called brittle bone because it is the loss of minerals in the bone that cause the bones to become more fragile. The main symptom is the increased incidence of breaking or fracturing of the bone. Often bone fractures can lead to slight deformations and cause pain, resulting in stooped posture, and a reduction in mobility.
Paget’s Disease – This causes of distortion of the bone, including swelling that can protrude into the nerves, resulting in throbbing pain. This disease most commonly affects the spine, collarbone and skull. It is a genetic disorder, which is something to keep in mind to check for if you experience symptoms.
Rickets – A lack of vitamin D can contribute to the softening of the bone. This is another illness that can make you vulnerable to bone fractures. Getting enough of the right nutrients can help to ensure that this problem is avoided and can help in the treatment once Rickets is already found to be present.
Osteoarthritis – This common type of arthritis is when the breakdown of cartilage in the joints causes bones to rub against each other. This can be very painful and be a source of inflammation and reduced mobility.
Whether the trigger is in the diet or genetics, virtually all bone diseases can be treated in a number of different ways. Almost always a combination of lifestyle changes such as appropriate exercises to increase mobility and strength, dietary alterations, including increasing intake of foods high in bone-aiding nutrients can help to improve the condition. Medications, both over the counter and prescription, can also help to reduce the symptoms.