Types and Causes of Bone Disorders

Our bones are some of the most critical parts of our bodies. They provide the structure and housing for our most important organs and allow us to move. Having healthy bone is important to our overall health and to our comfort in life.

Unfortunately there are a number of bone disorders that can cause problems with the function of the bones. It’s essential that bones are properly nourished and that other functions of the body are running smoothly that have an impact on the bones. When problems with the bones arise, often problems with movement will follow.

Some bone disease are based on the improper composition of the bones. Osteopenia is a disease in which the bones are lacking in the proper nutrients. It is commonly considered to be the precursor to osteoporosis. It can be taken care of through a proper diet and exercise and, in serious cases it may be best to take medication that will help the bones to get the nutrients they need.

Osteoporosis is when the bone density continues to diminish and is sometimes called brittle bone. It can come on because of the reduction in estrogen, which helps the body to properly use calcium, at menopause. I also commonly comes on late in life with age. Taking steroids for a long time, or having some other medical conditions or diseases can also make people prone to osteoporosis.

The biggest problems with the above mentioned diseases is that they make the bones more likely to fracture. The wrist, vertebrae, hip and ribs are the most common bones to be broken. Working on bone density through weight bearing exercises and proper nutrition can help to manage these issues.

One type of deformation of the bones is called bone spurs. These are bony protrusion that come out of the bone at the joint. They are usually a result of the bones rubbing together and wearing down, and often go hand in hand with arthritis. These deformations can cause pain and may need to be removed surgically.

Paget’s disease of the bone is another bone disorder. It occurs when too much breakdown and formation of bone tissue causes weakening of the bone and can cause them to become enlarged or deformed. This disease is difficult to treat as it is different for each patient but there are a variety of treatment options available.

Some bone disorders are classified together under umbrellas such as metabolic bone disease. Understanding the similarities and differences between different bone disorders and having them classified this way makes research and treatment much easier.

In order to determine what bone disorders a person might have, a doctor will have to run a number of tests to determine the bone density and also do blood work. These tests will give a full picture of what is happening that causes the bone to be weakened or misshapen or whatever the problems is. Then the best possible treatment options can be weighed.

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